This report is an outcome of the joint project on transfer pricing between OECD and Receita Federal do Brasil (RFB). It contains the findings of the in-depth analysis of similarities and differences between the transfer pricing framework currently in place in Brazil as compared to the OECD guidance (OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprise and Tax Administrations), which is the international consensus on transfer pricing. The report also explores the options for Brazil to converge with the OECD transfer pricing standard while enhancing the positive attributes of the existing framework. In February 2018, the OECD and Brazil launched a joint project to examine the similarities and divergences between the Brazilian and OECD transfer pricing approaches to valuing cross – border transactions between associated enterprises for tax purposes. This initiative builds on Brazil’s robust engagement in the OECD’s tax work, which began in 2010 when it joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, and was further strengthened in 2013 when it became a member of the G20/OECD Project to counter Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), which had a substantial focus on transfer pricing. Beyond just taxation, in 2017, Brazil also expressed interest in initiating the process to join the OECD. Objective: assessing the strengths and weaknesses of Brazil’s transfer pricing framework The 15 – month work programme carried out by the OECD jointly with Receita Federal do Brasil (RFB) included an in depth analysis of the Brazilian transfer pricing legal and administrative framework as well as its application. Based on the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses, possible options were explored for Brazil’s alignment with the OECD internationally accepted transfer pricing standard, using the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines and other relevant OECD guidance as a reference for the analysis.